Issue 118: CognitionX Data Science, AI and Machine Learning Briefing


Today we discuss the unexpected inhabitants of Venice lagoon, where scientists are establishing an underwater robotic society, the attempts of music and literature generated by AI
to trick us into believing it was created by humans, and how is an algorithm brewing beer invented by AI.

Best,

The News Team

Innovation

Intelligence in the Abyss

Would you dive into a body of water populated by about 150 robots? That’s what could happen if you were to fall off a “gondola” in the Venice lagoon, where scientists from an initiative of seven European research institutes, are giving birth to the world’s largest population of autonomous robots. “We’re actually trying to establish a robotic society”, says Thomas Schmickl, head of the artificial intelligence Lab of the Karl-Franzens University of Graz, Austria, which is coordinating the study. “Our robots would not just carry out operations for
which they are programmed or trained, but they would also develop social skills, learning how to communicate and interact with other robots, as well as with the surrounding environment.”

Feed your mind over lunch

AI rocks Music, but Literature? Not so much

Authors who are worried they’ll soon be replaced by computer algorithms can breathe a sigh of relief — for now. But dance club turntablists may have more reason to feel anxious about being supplanted by digital DJs. Those are some of the takeaways from the first-ever Turing Tests in the Creative Arts, sponsored by Dartmouth College’s
William H. Neukom Institute for Computational Science. In May, the Institute announced the winners of its Creative Turing Tests for poetry, literature and music, all of which were generated by AI. What did the contest reveal about the current state of AI creativity? While AI technology has advanced to the point where its musical mixes can “fool” the human ear, neither the poetry nor the short stories were convincing enough to trick human judges.

Research

An artificial nose to diagnose illnesses

Today in the journal
American Chemical Society Nano, researchers unveil a sensor array that identifies and captures the unique “breathprint” of 17 different diseases. The researchers hope that their array, which uses artificial intelligence to match up the varying levels and ratios of 13 key chemical compounds found in human breath to different diseases, will pave the way for a versatile medical diagnostic tool. After sampling the breath of more than 1,400 people, they found that their technique was able to discriminate among diseases with 86% accuracy.

Chat Bots, yadda yadda yadda

Taste beer brewed with AI

With a thrilling blend of customer feedback, digital interfaces, algorithms, and nuanced brewing, a British company has concocted four beers using artificial intelligence, and they are now available in the United Kingdom. The company, IntelligentX, created a survey system that uses Facebook Messenger chat bots to gather feedback from consumers on their taste preferences for beer. The data is fed into an algorithm to develop a beer recipe that is passed on to actual humans who brew, bottle, and share the beers.

Future of Health

For Hyundai the future of mobility is wearing Robotic Assistants

For years other automakers like Toyota and Honda have been exploring how personal robotics complete the mobility picture, but Hyundai’s vision is focusing its personal robotic efforts around “wearable robots,” or robotic exoskeleton devices that can supplement or augment the mobility of their wearer. These efforts are organised around three different streams: medical devices for people who would be totally unable to get around without them, assistive devices for people who have difficulty moving around and wearable bots that can
boost a wearer’s ability to carry loads or perform other tasks not normally manageable by a lone human.

Exciting Opportunities

New deep learning course taught by Jeremy Howard, Kaggle’s top competitor two years running

This 7-week course is designed for anyone with at least a year of coding experience, and some memory of high-school math. There are around 20 hours of lessons, the course is based on lessons recorded during the first certificate course at The Data Institute at USF. Part 2 will be taught at the Data Institute from Feb, and will be available online around May 2017.

Podcast

Advanced analytics techniques: tools came to the fore in 2016

Larger data volumes for training models and advances in processing power have made the technology more feasible. Yet, even as large companies like Google, IBM and Facebook have made inroads with advanced analytics techniques, smaller enterprises are still looking for ways to implement them. At the same time, some vendors have taken steps to repackage more traditional machine learning tools as AI in an attempt to latch onto the hype.

Business Impact of AI

7-Eleven beats Google and Amazon to the first regular commercial drone delivery service

7-Eleven, the world’s largest convenience store chain, shared new numbers from its drone delivery experiment today. 77 flights were performed from one store to a dozen select customers who live within a mile of the shop. 7-Eleven has partnered with the drone maker Flirtey for its delivery pilot. It marks the first regular commercial drone delivery service to operate in the United States.

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